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How to get a User ID in Asp.Net Core 3.1 (ClaimPrincipal) in a Service Repository

Question: How do you get user id in .net core MVC from a service repository?


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Answer:
The User's Id can be obtained from .net core application in several ways, one of them is by getting User from an HttpContext:

  1. Create an Interface with a name "IUserUtility" that has a function defined as "GetUserID"
    - This function can return a Task of a "String" if you like.

  2. Create a Mock Repository that implements the "IUserUtility"
    - In the Mock Repository, create a constructor that will utilize "Dependency Injection".

    - Dependency Injection will help you get access to Asp.Net Core inbuilt API's and other Services (User-defined Interfaces registered as Services in Startup.cs File).

    - In the Mock Repository, Inject HttpContext in the Constructor as well as define a private property on top of the Constructor
       
         - Defining a private read-only helps your application not to create a memory consuming variable that sometimes hangs even when the Service is not being utilized. Creating private read-only will allocate small portion of memory to that private variable and return the memory to the application when the variable is not in use.

    - wire the private HttpContext _httpContext with the HttpContext httpContext injected in the Constructor, this will input the httpContext Service coming from the Application Startup.cs Services into a private readonly _httpContext.

    - After implementing the UserUtility Interface go ahead and write your code in the GetUserID() function. This function will contain code that gets User ID and returns a string or an object containing the Current Logged in User ID.

  3. See the Code below for reference:
    //This an Interface
    namespace YourProjectName.FirstLevelFolder.FinalFolderYourInterfaceClassIsLocated
    {
        public interface IUserUtility
        {
            Task<string> GetUserID();
        }
    }
    ?
    //This is a Service Mock Repository Class that implements IUserUtility Interface
    namespace ProjectName.FolderName
    {
        public class UserUtilityRepository : IUserUtility
        {
            private readonly SignInManager<AnotherUserMockRepositoryClass> _signInManager;
            private readonly HttpContext _contextRequest;
            public UserUtilityRepository(SignInManager<AnotherUserMockRepositoryClass> signInManager, HttpContext contextRequest)
            {
                _signInManager = signInManager;
                _contextRequest = contextRequest;
    
            }
            public async Task<string> GetUserID()
            {
                ClaimsPrincipal principal = _contextRequest.User as ClaimsPrincipal;
               string UserID = _signInManager.UserManager.GetUserId(principal);
                return UserID;
            }
        }
    }
    ?

    [NB]: Errors: You might an error that says:

    An unhandled exception occurred while processing the request.

    InvalidOperationException: Unable to resolve service for type 'Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http.HttpContext' while attempting to activate 'YouProject.Controllers.YourController'.

    Try: Dont't forget to add services.AddHttpContextAccessor in Startup.cs class.

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